Amosite is a trade name for a type of asbestos mined in South Africa. (The name is derived from the initials of asbestos mines of South Africa” with the addition of “-ite”.)
Amosite is commonly known as “brown asbestos” and was widely used as a fire retardant in thermal insulation products, like ceiling tiles. Its use in the UK is now banned, but it can still be found in older homes.
This form of asbestos is said to be “highly friable” which means it crumbles easily when damaged. Airborne fibres may then be released which can be inhaled by people in the vicinity.
Amosite is considered to be one of the more hazardous forms of asbestos. If building work is to be done on a property containing this material great care must be taken either to ensure that it is not damaged, or that any material is removed by properly qualified contractors.
A building survey may indicate if a property is likely to contain asbestos products, in which case a further specialist survey may be required.